how to become a chartered accountant after 12th

How to Become a CA (Chartered Accountant) in India after 12th or Graduation

Chartered Accountant is the most reputed course for commerce stream students after completing 12th exams. Hence, every commerce student dream to be a successful Chartered Accountant and wants to know how to become a CA (Chartered accountant) in India but becoming CA is not that easy. It needs complete dedication, hard work, and passion for this course.

If you can’t give all these things then leave it, CA is not a course for you.

Here we are sharing with you a guide on How to be a Chartered accountant in India which will surely help you to become a successful Chartered Accountant. But before starting such, let me explain to you the CA process to become a Chartered Accountant in India.

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What is chartered accountancy?

Chartered Accountancy is a professional course that includes the management of finances for an entity. This includes managing financial accounts, budgeting, auditing, business strategy, and taxation. Chartered Accountant is a designation which is provided by the Statutory Body known as the Institute of Chartered Accountancy in India ( only after completing all three levels with the required percentage. Also, a certification of the Chartered Accountant is just like a reward or a permit to work as a professional CA in India. 

Steps to Become a CA (Chartered Accountant) in India

How to become a ca in india

The vast syllabus of Chartered Accountancy is divided into 4 steps –

  1. CA Foundation
  2. CA Intermediate
  3. Articleship Training (3 years)
  4. CA Final

VSI All India Toppers

VSI student Ajay Agarwal achieved ALL INDIA 1st Rank in May 2019 in CA Final with EVER HIGHEST Marks in the history of ICAI after Atul Agarwal who achieved ALL INDIA 1st rank in 2018.

CA Final May 2019 Topper’s Interview

How to Become a CA in India in First Attempt.

CA consists of three levels. And to become a CA in India, candidates have to crack all three levels. The steps to becoming a CA are explained below:

CA Foundation

f you are planning to become a CA in India through CA Foundation then we are making an assumption that you have planned to appear in CA Foundation right after the 12th. Let’s start with June where your 12th result has been declared and you have relaxed for a good period and now you have 5 months left to appear in CA Foundation.

CA Foundation is an entry-level test in order to pursue Chartered Accountancy. The course is much similar to your 11th and 12th standard (Commerce stream). CA Foundation syllabus is divided into four subjects –

Paper 1: Principles and Practices of Accounting

Paper 2: Mercantile Law and General English

Part I:  Mercantile Law

Part II: General English

Paper 3: Business Mathematics, Logical Reasoning, and Statistics

Part I: Business Mathematics and Logical Reasoning

Part II: Business Statistics

Paper 4: Business Economics & Business and Commercial Knowledge

Part I: Business Economics

Part II: Business and Commercial Knowledge

The paper pattern in CA Foundation is partially objective and partially subjective. The above two papers are of the subjective type and the next two papers are objective type. You have already gone through the Accounts in your senior secondary classes hence it is scoring and this subject can really help you to cover your aggregate percentage. So, give your 100% on this subject.

Mercantile Law is a new subject for you but this one is also scoring. You need not learn each and every section. Make sure your concepts should be clear.

Both the above subjects needs practice as well as good presentation skills.

The third paper Business Mathematics, Logical Reasoning, and Statistics having an objective-based paper pattern. Generally, it has been seen that Maths is the weakest factor among commerce students (exceptions are always there). But this paper is divided into three sections –

  1. Business Mathematics (40 Marks)
  2. Logical Reasoning (20 Marks)
  3. Business Statistics (40 Marks)

So, you have two more options besides Maths. No Doubt, Logical Reasoning is always scoring. Are you worried that you commit a lot of calculation mistake in Stats? Don’t worry, 12 digit calculator is allowed in CA Foundation Exams. But you have to practice on the calculator and also learn short tricks which saves your time in the Examination hall.

Fourth Paper is Business Economics and Business and Commercial Knowledge, if you are a CBSE student or RBSE student who chose Commerce with Economics, then this paper is also scoring for you. Other students need a little bit more effort and practice.

Both subjects are objective type. Hence, you need a lot of practice. Start practicing the modules given by ICAI and also set time because speed is one of the key factors in clearing CA Exams.

As exams are coming soon, candidates must start their CA Foundation preparation today! Also, you can enroll now for the CA Foundation.

CA Foundation Registrations can be done from the given link, enroll yourself!

CA Intermediate

CA Intermediate will be your next level in the Chartered Accountancy journey after clearing CA Foundation. Some students who are graduates or postgraduates can also apply for the CA course through the Direct Entry Scheme at the Intermediate level. The syllabus in CA Intermediate is very vast and this thing makes this level the challenging one. Generally, students are not able to clear the exam in the first attempt at this level but if you plan your studies and revision in the right manner, you will not only clear this level in your first attempt but also able to achieve a rank, if you dream so.

After the declaration of the CA Foundation result, 9 months will be left in your CA Intermediate Exams. Clearing this level with coaching is really tough, but coachings are necessary too. Hence, you should join a CA Intermediate coaching somewhere which guarantees you to complete the classes within 5-6 months so that you will get enough time for self-study and revision. And don’t neglect the modules given by ICAI. It gives you an idea of questions asked, presentation demanded, and how to answer in the exam.

The CA Intermediate Syllabus is divided into two categories: Group 1 and Group 2.

Group 1 includes:

Paper-1: Accounting

Paper-2: Corporate Laws & Other Laws

  • Part I: Company Law 
  • Part II: Other Laws 

Paper-3: Cost and Management Accounting 

Paper-4: Taxation 

  • Section A: Income-tax Law 
  • Section B: Indirect Taxes 

Group 2 includes:

Paper-5: Advanced Accounting 

Paper-6: Auditing and Assurance 

Paper-7: Enterprise Information Systems & Strategic Management 

  • Part I: Enterprise Information System
  • Part II: Strategic Management 
  • Paper-8: Financial Management and Economics for finance
  • Part I: Financial Management

Part II: Economics of Finance

Thereafter, revise the Syllabus properly. Remember, three times revision is must to clear CA Intermediate. Complete your course at least two months before exams. Then properly divided the time between revision and practicing papers.

The thing which most of the students lack in CA Intermediate is Practice. Take out time for solving Mock Test Papers and solve at least past attempts papers before Exam.

Tip – Complete the subject 100% in which you are confident that you can score exemption as it will help you in covering your aggregate score.

Articleship Training

Candidates can start their Articleship Training as soon as they passed any of the group of CA Intermediate. But before that, you must have undergone ITT and OT Program.

Candidates who have appeared in both the groups of CA Intermediate together should try to complete 100 hours of IT training during this waiting period. This will save your time after the declaration of the CA Intermediate result. After completing IT, if possible, complete your OT program also.

The candidates who have appeared in a single group should start preparing for the next group. If you plan articleship and next group with office then this will really be a tough task and it might take your several attempts of the second group. Hence, you should complete your CA Intermediate first and then go with Articleship Training.

Some students go for dummy articleship but trust me this is the biggest mistake. Articleship training gives you a vast exposure to practical experience. Hence, it is referred to as a direct ticket to the corporate world. So, never ever think of taking dummy articleship.

Now the next question coming to your mind is where to join articleship either in middle size firm or firms like Big 4, Kalani, PC Modi etc.

Offcourse, experience from Big 4 or Kalani adds your value in comparison to any medium size firms. Here you will get to learn to deal with clients, exposure to various listed and non listed companies and you will expertise in the department where you will work at. But you must be ready to deal with a lot of pressure. Many times you have to miss your classes, go for outstation audit and have to work late at night. But all this will become an experience after you clear CA Exam.

On the other hand, medium-size firms are most preferred due to less number of employees or article, here article instead of working in a single department gain knowledge in each and every field.

They get an opportunity to work over Income Tax, Audit, GST, etc. As well as, students mostly get timely leaves for the preparation of their exams. Neither they have to miss classes frequently nor they have to work under pressure.

But of course, they have to struggle for getting Job after completing an articleship from a medium-size firm.

The more you sweat in practice, the less you sweat in war”

CA Final

This is the last step in the Chartered Accountant course Journey and the biggest challenge. After completing both the groups of CA Intermediate one can register for CA Final. Although, the candidate can appear in CA Final only when he has undergone GMCS and Advanced ITT.

This level requires you to expertise in each and every subject. If you plan to complete the Company law which consists of 70 marks and leaves the Allied law which consists of 30 marks and clear the exam. Then drop this idea, because ICAI wants you to have knowledge of every topic it has included in the course. Until you won’t be able to crack this exam.

The CA Final includes 8 subjects, and they are as follows:

Paper-1: Financial Reporting

Paper-2: Strategic Financial Management

Paper-3: Advanced Auditing and Professional Ethics

Paper-4: Corporate and Economic Laws

Paper-5: Strategic Cost Management and Performance Evaluation

Paper-6A: Risk Management

Paper-6B: Financial Services and Capital Markets

Paper-6C: International Taxation

Paper-6D: Economic Laws

Paper-6E: Global Financial Reporting Standards

Paper-6F: Multidisciplinary Case Study

Paper-7: Direct Tax Laws and International Taxation

Paper-8: Indirect Tax Laws

The most difficult task that came before the CA Student is managing studies with the office. Hence, often students complete their classes amid the training period and go for self-study after such period and this is the reason behind the low pass percentage in CA Final. Studies have proved that we can remember things for up to two weeks only if we don’t revise much. Therefore, complete your revision once with the class so that you can ask your problems as soon as they discover.

How to Become a CA After 12th 

Candidates can enroll to become a CA after 12th board exams. Also, candidates can apply for the CA foundation courses after 10th and can appear for exams after completing their 12th examination. Therefore, to be eligible for the CA course after 12 candidates must have secured:


  • Candidates with commerce background need to score a minimum of 50% marks in their board exams.
  • Candidates with non-commerce background need to score a minimum of 55% marks in their board exams

Steps to become a CA after 12th 

Step 1: Enrol yourself in the CA Foundation Course after completing 12th board exams


Step 2: Complete a 4 month study period and appear in the CA Foundation Examination.


Step 3: Enrol into CA Intermediate Course after clearing CA Foundation Exam.


Step 4: Complete 4 weeks of Integrated Course on Information Technology and Soft skills (ICITSS). This course needs to be completed before your articleship.


Step 5: Complete an 8 months study course of CA Intermediate and appear for the exam. There will be 2 groups of exams, you need to pass at least one before moving forward.


Step 6: Join 3-year article training after passing either group of CA Intermediate Exam and complete ICITSS before starting your articleship.


Step 7: Clear the remaining group of CA Intermediate Exam (if there’s any).


Step 8: Enrol yourself for the CA Final Course.


Step 9: Complete 4 weeks of Advanced Integrated Course on Information Technology and Soft skills (AICITSS) in the last two years of your articleship and before appearing for the final exam.


Step 10: Appear for the final exam either after completing your articleship or during the last 6 months of it.


Step 11: Complete your article training, in case you decide to appear for the final exam while serving your articleship.


Step 12: Clear the CA Final Examination.


Step 13: Enrol yourself as a member of the ICAI to be designated as a “Chartered Accountant”.


How to Become a CA After Graduation 

Given below is all the information to pursue CA after graduation:

The eligibility criteria required for CA after graduation is as follows:

  • A minimum of 55% for commerce graduates or postgraduates
  • A minimum of 60% for Arts/Humanities/Science graduates or postgraduates

The minimum duration to pursue CA after graduation is 3 years as you can directly register for CA intermediate direct entry route exams after 9 months from registering yourself, after which you also need to complete 2.5-3 Years of Articleship to become a Chartered Accountant.

You can pursue CA after graduation by getting the CA foundation exemption if you have the specified percentage of marks required to get exempted from the exam and then you can directly begin your articleship and further take the CA intermediate exams.

Steps to become a CA after Graduation

Step 1: Enroll for CA Intermediate Course.

Step 2: Complete 4 weeks of Integrated Course on Information Technology and Soft skills (ICITSS). This course must be completed before your articleship.

Step 3: Register for 3-year articleship or practical training.

Step 4: Appear for the CA Intermediate Examination after 9 months of your training.

Step 5: Clear both groups of CA Intermediate Examination.

Step 6: Register for CA Final Course.

Step 7: Complete 4 weeks of Advanced Integrated Course on Information Technology and Soft skills (AICITSS) in the last two years of your articleship and before appearing for the final exam.

Step 8: Appear for the final exam either after completing your articleship or in the last 6 months of it.

Step 9: Complete your 3-year training.

Step 10: Clear the CA Final Examination.

Step 11: Enrol yourself as a member of the ICAI to be designated as a “Chartered Accountant”.

When to Join CA Classes?

You should go for the practical subjects first where chances of the amendment are less hence start with Financial Reporting, Strategic Financial Management, and Strategic Cost Management and Performance Evaluation. This will take you one year to complete these subjects. Then you can choose one practical subject and one theoretical subject like DT and Advanced Auditing or IDT and Corporate and Economic Laws, and one elective paper.

Prefer the theoretical subjects in last so that you will not forget the concepts till the exam. DT and IDT should also be completed in last as both the subjects come with plenty of amendments in every attempt. Hence, keep them for last.

Make sure that all your coaching and first reading have completed 6 months before the exam. Six months should be kept aside for the revision only. During this time, you need more and more practice so that you can prepare well for the Final Exams. If possible, give the Mock test also, conducted by ICAI in every attempt which will show you a true picture of your preparation.

After appearing in the chartered accountant exam, complete your MCS 2 so that your time does not get wasted after the declaration of CA Final result. Besides this, prepare yourself for the interview to be conducted in campus placement.

Note – If you are not ready to handle both the group together, then go for the single group. It will save you from getting an attempt.

We hope you now know how to become a chartered accountant in India after 12th or graduation.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Pursuing CA courses is best after 12th or after graduation?

Ans: Candidates can pursue CA courses after 12th and after graduation. It depends upon their preferences when they want to start their courses. The first level of CA is the CA foundation. CA takes around 4.5 years to complete. 

Q2. Who are eligible for the CA courses after completion of class 12th?

Ans: Candidates have to score a minimum of 50 percent marks in their class 12th exams to be eligible for CA after 12th. 

Q3. What is the fee structure of CA courses?

Ans: There are three levels of CA courses, and the fees of all three levels vary. Log on to VSI to know about the fee structure of CA in India

Q4. To pursue CA after graduation which degree is required by the candidates?

Ans: If a candidate BCom or M.Com degree it’s add plus point in pursuing CA after graduation.