CA Foundation Exam Pattern 2023: Passing Marks & Chapter-wise Weightage PDF
Knowing the CA Foundation exam pattern is crucial for exam preparation. The exam pattern tells students about the chapter-wise weightage of all CA Foundation subjects, marking scheme, types of questions, mode of exam, negative marking, etc. The CA Foundation exams are conducted by the ICAI two times a year, in May and November.
In this article, you’ll know the CA Foundation Exam pattern for May 2023 attempt, passing marks, paper pattern and chapter-wise weightage.
Table of Content
CA Foundation Exam Pattern May 2023
According to the CA Foundation exam pattern 2023, there are 4 papers in the exam, each consisting of 100 marks. The first 2 papers are subjective, and the remaining 2 are objective. There is also a negative marking on papers 3 and 4. So, for every wrong answer, the 1/4th mark will be deducted.
The total marks for the CA Foundation course are 400 marks. Students will require a minimum passing mark of 200 out of these 400 marks to clear the CA exams. Furthermore, the passing mark for each paper is 40 marks.
The below table mentions the CA Foundation exam pattern for the May 2023 exams.
|Exam Name||CA Foundation|
|Conducting Body||Institute Of Chartered Accountant Of India (ICAI)|
|Level of Exam||National Level|
|Frequency||Twice a Year (May/June & Nov/Dec)|
|Mode of Registration||Online|
|Mode Of Exam||Online|
|Number of Papers||4|
|CA Foundation Subjects||Principles And Practice Of Accounting
Business Laws And Business Correspondence
Business Mathematics, Logical Reasoning, and Statistics
Business Economics And Business & Commercial Knowledge
|Duration||3 Hours for Paper 1 & 2
2 Hours for Paper 3 and 4
|Total Marks||400 (100 for each paper)|
|Types of Questions||Subjective & Objective|
|Medium||Hindi or English|
|Negative marks||Only for Paper 3 and 4 (0.25), i.e. is 1/4th of marks|
|Eligibility||Class 12 Passed or Appearing for Class 12 in Current Year|
|Exemptions||Candidates with Equivalent Qualification or
Graduates and Post Graduates
CA Foundation Dec 2022 Papers Solutions
CA Foundation Paper Pattern
Knowing the paper pattern and marking scheme of the CA Foundation subjects will help students in developing a smart plan. They can focus more on the topics that have higher weightage. Moreover, the paper patterns of the CA Foundation subjects like Accounts, Law and others are different.
So check out the table below to get the CA Foundation question paper pattern and their marks distribution.
|Paper 1||Principles And Practice Of Accounting||(100 Marks)|
|Paper 2||Business Laws And Business Correspondence
Section A: Business Laws
Section B: Business Correspondence And
|Paper 3||Business Mathematics, Logical Reasoning,
Section A: Business Mathematics
Section B: Logical Reasoning
Section C: Statistics
|Paper 4||Business Economics And Business &
Section A: Business Economics
Section B: Business and Commercial Knowledge
Check out the CA Foundation Exam Dates for the May 2023 examinations.
What are the CA Foundation Passing Marks in 2023?
To crack the CA Foundation exams, students require a minimum passing mark of 40% in each paper and a total of 50% for all subjects. Therefore, students need to get an aggregate of at least 200 marks to pass the CA Foundation exams.
Furthermore, as per the marking scheme, there will be negative marking in paper 3 and 4. So, students must keep that in mind, as unnecessary marks can be deducted in these papers.
In the ICAI new CA Course curriculum, now students have to score minimum of 50% in each subject to clear that subject.
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CA Foundation Chapter-wise Weightage for All Subjects 2023
CA Foundation Accounts Chapter Wise Weightage
The below table mentions the CA Foundation Accounts chapter-wise weightage and marks distribution.
|1. Theoretical Framework||5%-10%|
|2. Accounting Process
3. Bank Reconciliation Statement
5. Concept and Accounting of Depreciation
|6. Accounting for Special Transactions||15%-20%|
|7. Final Accounts of Sole Proprietors
8. Partnership Accounts
9. Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit Organizations
|10. Introduction to Company Accounts||10%-15%|
Accounts is an integral part of the Chartered Accountancy course. Therefore, you need to prepare well for this paper. Now as you know the CA Foundation Accounts chapter-wise weightage, you can make a proper plan for yourself.
CA Foundation Law Chapter Wise Weightage
The second paper of CA Foundation is divided into Two Sections. Section A is Business law, and Section B is correspondence and reporting. The CA Foundation exam pattern for the law subject is one of the most requested by the students. Students can check the CA foundation Law chapter-wise weightage from the following table and start their preparation accordingly.
Section A: Business Laws (60 Marks)
|1. The Indian Contract Act, 1872||25%-30%|
|2. The Sale of Goods Act, 1930||20%-25%|
|3. The Indian Partnership Act, 1932||20%-25%|
|4. The Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008||5%-10%|
|5. The Companies Act, 2013||15%-20%|
Section B: Business Correspondence And Reporting (40 Marks)
|Part I: Communication
|Part II: Sentence Types and Word Power
2. Sentence Types (Direct-Indirect, Active-Passive Speech)
3. Vocabulary Root Words, Synonyms, Antonyms, Prefixes, Suffixes),
|Part III: Comprehension Passages and Note Making
4. Comprehension Passages5. Note Making
|Part IV: Developing Writing Skills
6. Introduction to Basic Writing
7. Précis Writing
8. Article Writing
9. Report Writing
10. Writing Formal Letters
11. Writing Formal Mails
12. Resume Writing
CA Foundation Maths Chapter Wise Weightage for May 2023
The third paper of the CA Foundation helps students develop an understanding of Basic Maths, Reasoning, and Statistical and their application in business, Finance, and Economics and develop a logical understanding to solve problems. The CA Foundation exam pattern 2023 for maths, logical reasoning and statistics are mentioned below, along with the marks distribution.
Part A: Business Mathematics (40 Marks)
Check the table below to know the CA Foundation Maths Chapter-wise weightage and the marks distribution.
|1. Ratio and Proportion, Indices and Logarithms
2. Equations and Matrices
3. Linear Inequalities with Objective Functions
|4. Time value of Money||30%-40%|
|5. Permutations and Combinations
6. Sequence and Series
7. Sets, Relations and Functions
8. Basic applications of Differential and
Part B: Logical Reasoning (20 Marks)
|1. Number series, Coding and Decoding
and odd man out
2. Direction Tests
3. Seating Arrangements
|4. Blood Relations
Part C: Statistics (40 Marks)
|1. Statistical description of Data
2. Measures of Central tendency and Dispersion
4. Theoretical Distributions
|5. Correlation and Regression||10%-15%|
|6. Index Numbers and Time Series||10%-15%|
CA Foundation Economics Chapter Wise Weightage
Business economics is the fourth and last subject of the CA Foundation. It is included to help students to make the concept of Business Economics strong and apply such concepts and theories in simple problem-solving. Check out the CA Foundation paper pattern for the economics and commercial knowledge subjects.
Part I: Business Economics(60 Marks)
|1. Introduction to Business Economics||15%-20%|
|2. Theory of Demand and Supply
3. Theory of Production and Cost
|4. Price Determination in Different Markets||25%-30%|
|5. Business Cycles||15%-20%|
Part II: Business And Commercial Knowledge (40 Marks)
|1. Introduction to Business||15%-18%|
|2. Business Environment||15%-18%|
|3. Business Organizations||15%-20%|
|4. Government Policies for Business Growth||15%-18%|
|5. Organizations Facilitating Business||15%-18%|
|6. Common Business Terminologies||15%-18%|
Download the CA Foundation Chapter-wise Weightage PDF
Here is the direct link for the topic-wise weightage and marks distribution for the CA Foundation papers.
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CA Foundation Study Material for May 2023
ICAI provides the CA Foundation Study Material that covers the complete syllabus of the exams. In the ICAI study material, you’ll get the course modules, revision and mock test papers, previous year papers and more.
The ICAI CA Foundation Study material relevant for the May 2023 exams is:
|CA Foundation Subject||Download PDF|
|Principles and Practice of Accounting||Download|
|Business Laws and Business Correspondence and Reporting||Download|
|Business Mathematics, Logical Reasoning and Statistics||Download|
|Business Economics and Business and Commercial Knowledge||Download|
CA Foundation Question Papers with Suggested Answers
To know the ICAI CA Foundation Exam pattern, students need to go through the previous year’s question papers. This way, they can know the paper pattern, difficulty level, marks distribution, etc.
|CA Foundation Paper||Question Paper||Suggested Answer|
|Paper-1: Principles and Practice of Accounting||May 2022||May 2022|
|Paper-2: Business Laws||May 2022||May 2022|
CA Foundation Papers 2023
Mock Test Papers and question papers are the best way to test your understanding of concepts before appearing for the exams. ICAI provides you with CA Foundation Exam Pattern to make your studies easy and to get a clear understanding of the exams. Moreover, we have created a complete collection of all the CA Foundation Question papers with solutions from previous years, mock test papers and revision test papers, which you’ll need during your preparation. These question papers will play a crucial role in getting the desired CA Foundation result.
As you have read the complete CA Foundation exam pattern for May 2023 and the chapter-wise weightage of all the CA Foundation papers, you now know how to prepare for the exams. Other than that, you now also know the negative marking in CA Foundation, passing criteria, study material, and question papers for efficient preparation. All the students are advised to first make a proper study plan and then start preparing to avoid waste of time and energy.
Ques 1. What is the paper pattern of the CA Foundation exam 2023?
Ans- CA Foundation is divided into 4 papers, and each paper consists of 100 marks. The first 2 papers are subjective, and the last two are MCQ-based.
Ques 2. What are the passing criteria for CA Foundation exams?
Ans- To pass the CA Foundation exams, students need to get an aggregate of at least 50% and score more than 40% on each paper.
Ques 3. Is there any negative marking in the CA Foundation Papers?
Ans- Yes, there is a negative marking in the CA Foundation objective papers – 3 and 4. Hence, the 1/4th mark will be deducted for every wrong answer.
Ques 4. What is the CA Foundation exam pattern for the 2023 exams?
Ans- The exam pattern for the CA Foundation 2023 exams is most likely to be the same as for the 2023 exams. However, if there is any change, we’ll update that on this page.
Ques 5. Does ICAI allow the use of calculators in the CA Foundation Exam? Which type of calculator can be used?
Ans. As per ICAI guidelines, students can use a battery-operated calculator with up to 6 functions, 12 digits, and two memories.
Ques 6. Can I change my selected Medium of Study/Exam?
Ans. Yes, you will have to change the medium of study in your exam form when ICAI opens the correction window. To read more about the correction window, visit- CA Foundation Exam Form.
Ques 7. Is it easy to clear the CA Foundation Exam?
Ans. Yes, you can easily clear the CA foundation exams, but you need to study smartly. First, you need to know the CA Foundation exam pattern and syllabus. Then make a study plan and start preparing. Try to complete the CA Foundation syllabus early so that you can revise properly and solve enough mock test papers.
Ques 8. How many attempts are available for the CA Foundation exams?
Ans. CA Foundation students will get 6 attempts to clear the exams.
Ques 9. Will ICAI send the CA Foundation books after registration for free or is it a paid service?
Ans. No, it is not a paid service. You will receive your books shortly after registering for the CA course.
Ques10. How many subjects are there in CA Foundation?
Ans. CA Foundation comprises 4 major subjects which are mandatory for candidates to clear to reach the second stage of the CA Exam.
Subject to Clear CA Foundation are-
- Principles and Practice of Accounting.
- Business Laws and Business Correspondence and Reporting.
- Business Mathematics, Logical Reasoning & Statistics.
- Business Economics and Business and Commercial Knowledge.
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