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The CBSE has issued the Class 12 Maths syllabus for the ongoing 2023-24 session. 12th students who have mathematics subject must check the syllabus before starting their preparation.

The Class 12 Mathematics syllabus includes all the topics that students have to study for the 2024 exams. Furthermore, the CBSE prepares the final exam papers based on the specified curriculum only.

Students must have a proper study plan; therefore, we are providing the detailed Class 12 Maths syllabus 2023-24. Students can also download the syllabus pdf for future reference.

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## CBSE Class 12 Maths Syllabus 2023-24 with Marks Weightage

In the following table, students can check the complete CBSE class 12th Maths syllabus along with their marks weightage.

No.UnitsNo. of PeriodsMarks
I.Relations and Functions1708
II.Algebra3510
III.Calculus5735
IV.Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry2614
V.Linear Programming1305
VI.Probability2008
Total16880
Internal Assessment20

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Students can go through the detailed CBSE class 12 maths syllabus given below:

### Unit-I: Relations and Functions

• Relations and Functions
1. Types of relations: reflexive, symmetric, transitive, and equivalence relations. One to one and onto functions.
2. Inverse Trigonometric Functions
3. Definition, range, domain, principal value branch.

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### Unit-II: Algebra

• Matrices

Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero and identity matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices. Operation on matrices: Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar. Simple properties of addition, multiplication, and scalar multiplication. Non- commutativity of multiplication of matrices Invertible matrices

• Determinants

The determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), properties of determinants, minors, cofactors, and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Solving a system of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solutions) using the inverse of a matrix.

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### Unit-III: Calculus

• Continuity and Differentiability
1. Continuity and differentiability, a derivative of composite functions, chain rule, the derivative of inverse trigonometric functions, derivative of implicit functions. Concept of exponential and logarithmic functions.
2. Derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions. Logarithmic differentiation, derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms. Second-order derivatives.
• Applications of Derivatives

Applications of derivatives: increasing/decreasing functions, tangents and normals, use of derivatives in approximation, maxima, and minima (first derivative test motivated geometrically and second derivative test given as a provable tool). Simple problems (that illustrate basic principles and understanding of the subject as well as real-life situations).

• Integrals

Integration is an inverse process of differentiation. Integration of a variety of functions by substitution, by partial fractions, and by parts, Evaluation of simple integrals of the following types and problems based on them.

Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (without proof). Basic properties of definite integrals and evaluation of definite integrals.

• Applications of the Integrals

Applications in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines, parabolas; area of circles /ellipses  (in standard form only) (the region should be clearly identifiable

• Differential Equations

Definition, order, and degree, general, and particular solutions of a differential equation. The solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables, solutions of homogeneous differential equations of the first order and first degree of the type: dy/dx = 𝑓(y/x). Solutions of the linear differential equation  of the type:

Solutions of the linear differential equation of the type:

(dy/dx) + py = q, where p and q are functions of x or constants.

### Unit-IV: Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry

• Vectors

Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector. Direction cosines and direction ratios of a  vector. Types of vectors (equal, unit, zero, parallel and collinear vectors), position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, the addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar,  position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio. Definition, Geometrical Interpretation,  properties, and application of scalar (dot) product of vectors, vector (cross) product of vectors.

• Three-dimensional Geometry

Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points. Cartesian equation and vector equation of a line, coplanar and skew lines, the shortest distance between two lines. Cartesian and vector equation of a plane. The distance of a point from a plane.

### Unit-V: Linear Programming

• Linear Programming

Introduction, related terminologies such as constraints, objective function, optimization, and different types of linear programming (L.P.) problems. graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions (bounded), feasible and infeasible solutions, and optimal feasible solutions (up to three non-trivial constraints).

### Unit-VI: Probability

• Probability

Conditional probability, multiplication theorem on probability, independent events, total probability,  Bayes’ theorem, Random variable and its probability distribution.

Students can download the latest 12th Mathematics syllabus and follow it while preparing for the board exams.

1. Visit the official website of the CBSE board.
2. On the menu bar, hover on “Curriculum” and select “Curriculum 2023-24“.
3. On the next page, click on “Senior Secondary Curriculum (XI-XII)” and choose “Academic Electives – (Group-A)
4. Click on the Mathematics tab, and a pdf file will open with the new syllabus.

## CBSE Class 12 Mathematics Grading Scheme

As per the CBSE curriculum, the grades and marks of the class 12 exam are awarded to students on the basis of a 9-point grading system. Check out the Assessment scheme of CBSE class 12 upcoming Mathematics exam 2023-24 given below.

CBSE Class 12 Mathematics Grading Scheme
A-1Top 1/8th of the passed candidates
A-2Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
B-1Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
B-2Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
C-1Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
C-2Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
D-1Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
D-2Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
EFailed Candidates

## CBSE Class 12 Maths Prescribed Books 2023

The prescribed book for Mathematics is the NCERT Maths book. NCERT Class 12 Maths books have proper questions for practice for the upcoming exam after each chapter. By studying for the NCERT books students can clear the Maths exam with good marks.

Prescribed Books:

1. Mathematics Part I – Textbook for Class XII, NCERT Publication
2. Mathematics Part II – Textbook for Class XII, NCERT Publication

## CBSE Class 12 Maths Exam 2024: Preparation Tips

To score high marks in CBSE Class 12 Maths exam in CBSE Class 12th result 2024, students must follow the given tips below:

1. First of all, students must prepare a strict study plan.
2. Students must then have all the study material such as the NCERT book, sample papers, revised Maths syllabus, etc.
3. Before starting the preparation, go through the CBSE class 12 maths syllabus 2023-24 pdf. Students must have knowledge of what topics are included and deleted for this academic year 2023-24.
4. As per the weightage of each unit students must devote their time to the particular topic.
5. Try to learn all the important terminologies related to the subject.
6. Revision is very critical for every student. So, to have a proper revision try to solve the Mathematics sample papers.

Along with the 80 marks paper, students should also prepare for the 20 marks practical exams. It is easier to score in the practical exams and you can ensure those 20 marks with lesser effort. To check all the details of class 12 practical exams, go to this page.

## CBSE Class 12 Maths Sample Paper

After the completion of the CBSE Class 12th, Maths students need proper revision before appearing for the exam. Therefore, students must solve the CBSE class 12 Mathematics sample papers to assess their preparations for the upcoming exam. VSI provides the CBSE class 12 Maths sample papers with solutions for the proper revision for the 2024 exam.

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Q1. How many chapters are there in class 12 Maths?

Ans: There are total 13 chapters in the class 12 Mathematics which are categorized into 6 units.

Q2. Is Mathematics in class 12th difficult?

Ans: Yes, class 12 Maths is difficult to study. Students have to prepare hard to score well in this subject.

Q3. What are the easy chapters in Class 12th Maths?

Ans: The easy chapters in 12th Maths are Matrices and Determinants which are chapters 3 and 4.

Q4. Is NCERT enough for the preparation for the 2024 board exams?

Ans: Yes, NCERT is enough to prepare for the 2024 board exams. NCERT books have practice questions after each chapter for students to prepare well for the exam.

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