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Tamil Nadu HSC Class 12 Syllabus 2023-24 for All Subjects (PDF)

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The Tamil Nadu board has released the Class 12th HSC syllabus for the 2023-24 session. The TN HSC syllabus includes all the topics that students will study this year. Furthermore, the Tamil Nade board also releases the marking scheme for all the subjects.

We advise all the students to follow the board curriculum as the exam papers will be based on this syllabus. So, we have mentioned the Class 12 Tamil Nadu HSC syllabus 2024 and the link to download its pdf.

Class 12th Tamil Nadu HSC Syllabus 2024 – Important Details

Here are some of the important details regarding the Tamil Nadu Class 12th board every student must know. 

Board NameTamil Nadu Directorate of Government Examination
Class NameHSC/ 12TH Class/ +2
Name of the examPublic Exam
CategoryBoard Syllabus
LocationTamil Nadu
VSI International School Jaipur

Latest: Students can check their results at TN class 12th result.

TN HSC Class 12 Syllabus 2023-24

Check the detailed 12th syllabus of the Tamil Nadu board for the 2023-24 exams in the following section.

Class 12th Tamil Nadu HSC Syllabus 2023 – English

The syllabus for English is the same for all three streams. Students appearing for TN HSC class 12th exam 2024, have to go through each and every topic given in the syllabus. 

Vocabulary competenciesMeaning, syllabification, spellings, word formation, vocabulary improvement, phrasal verbs, and idioms, foreign words, and phrases.
Grammatical competenciesSentence patterns., conditional and concessional clauses, modal auxiliaries, reported speech, relative clauses, the transformation of sentences, and passivization.
Listening CompetenciesComprehension passage containing six-eight lines, short passages, ease of breath, CNN news panel discussion, coherence.
Reading competencesDescriptive, argumentative, factual, and literary texts.
Writing competenciesScientific and factual discourse, interesting texts, reports, relevant situations, non-verbal information, projects, advertisements, et cetera.
Study skillsDictionaries, library facilities, internet, verbal and non-verbal texts, lectures, books and journals, essays of students, email language.
OccupationalReport writing, presenting messages, picture composition, presenting facts and figures in a systematic method, advertisements, and more.
Strategic competenciesSamples of pupil language, areas of doubt, hesitation, and more.
Creative competenciesEssay writing, poem writing, critical appraisal, scriptwriting for interviews, cartoon scripts, travelogues, captions for photographs, translation.
Speaking competenciesIntroduction to topics through group discussions, greeting, introduction, and giving information, disagreeing peacefully, projecting one’s image, expressing gratitude, welcome address, vote of thanks, and more.

TN HSC Mathematics Syllabus 2024

Mathematics is a practical based subject and is the same for both the science and commerce streams. Students appearing for TN HSC class 12th exam should practise maths very well to achieve good marks in their examination. Every topic mentioned in TN Board class 12th syllabus 2024 is mandatory for students to study. 

Systems  of equationsSystems of linear equations, methods of solution
Application of matricesMatrices for transformations: Matrices for Translation, Reflection, Rotation, Glide reflection, Shear and Stretch, Isometry and similarity matrices for the same.
Analytical geometryDefinition of a conic, Derivation of the standard equation of Parabola, Ellipse, Hyperbola and Rectangular Hyperbola, Chords, Tangents & Normals, and more.
Vector algebraVectors and Scalars Representations of vectors and operations of addition and subtraction, Scalar and vector products, Triple products, products 4 vectors, and more.
Application of differentiationDerivative as a rate measurer, Derivative as a measure of slope, Mean Value Theorems, Curve tracing, et cetera.
Application of integrationDefinite integral and its applications
Differential equations Formation of differential equations, I order and II Order Linear Equations, Applications.
Probability distributionRandom variable, probability functions, mathematical expectation, discrete and continuous distribution.
Complex numberComplex Algebra Fundamental operations on complex numbers, Applications.
Algebraic structuresRings. Integral Domains and Fields, Group Structure.

Tamil Nadu Physics Syllabus for Class 12th

Students appearing for TN Board class 12th exam 2024 should go through the syllabus very minutely. Physics is a subject in which students must devote their time to studying. 

Current electricityElectric Current, drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistivity, superconductivity, Combination of resistors, Electric power and more.
Effects of electric currentHealing effect, Joule’s law, magnetic effect of electric current, Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron, Conversion to ammeter and voltmeter, Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, and more.
Electromagnetic induction and alternating currentElectromagnetic induction, Alternating current, Eddy current, AC generator, methods of inducing emf, self-induction.
Electromagnetic waves and wave opticsElectromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Emission and Absorption spectrum, Theories of light, Wavefront and Huygens principle, etc.
Atomic physicsAtomic structure, Bohr’s model, Sommerfield’s atom model, Quantum numbers, x -rays production properties, detection, absorption, diffraction of x – rays, and more.
Dual nature of radiation and matterThe photo-electric effect, Photocells and their application, Matter waves, electron microscope.
Nuclear physicsNuclear properties, Nuclear mass defect, Nature of Nuclear forces, Neutron discovery, Radioactivity, Nuclear fission.
RelativityConcept of space, time and mass, Frame of reference, Newtonian relativity, Special theory of relativity, Doppler effect of light,
Semiconductor devices and their applicationsSemiconductor theory, Semiconductor doping, Formation of P-N Junction, Diode as a rectifier, Junction – transistors, Measuring Instruments, and more.
Communication systemsModes of propagation ground wave, Amplitude modulation, Antennas, and Transmission lines, TV.Transmission and reception, Video signal analysis, and more.

TN HSC Chemistry Syllabus

Chemistry is categorised in 3 sections. Students appearing for TN HSC class 12th exam 2024 should prepare for chemistry subjects very well. Students should learn all the chemical reactions, learn all the laws, practical numerical questions, solve derivatives and do chemical experiments to understand the chemical phenomenon. Every topic in the TN class 12th syllabus 2024 is mandatory for students to study.

Inorganic chemistryAtomic Structure II, Periodic Table, Coordination compounds & bio coordination compounds, Nuclear Chemistry, etc.
Physical chemistrySolid State, Thermodynamics, Chemical Equilibrium, Chemical Kinetics, Surface Chemistry, Electro Chemistry, Electro Chemistry II, etc.
Organic chemistryIsomerism in Organic Chemistry, Hydroxy derivatives, Ethers, Carbonyl Compounds, Carboxylic acid, Organic Nitrogen Compounds, Biomolecules, Chemistry in Action, Problems in Chemistry.

TN HSC Accounts Syllabus

Account is a subject which is mainly based on practical questions. But students also need to learn the theory in Accountancy. Accountancy needs regular practice then only students are able to attempt questions in the exam. All the topics mentioned in the Tamil Nadu class 12th Syllabus 2024 are mandatory. 

Accounts from incomplete records- I
  1. Meaning and Definition;
  2. Features and limitations; Differences between incomplete records and double entry system;
  3. Statement of Affairs Method: Steps to be followed;
  4. Distinction between Statement of affairs and Balance Sheet;
  5. Conversion method: Steps to be followed; Statement of affairs method; Conversion method
Accounts of non profit organisations
  1. Introduction;
  2. Receipts and Payments Account: Meaning, Format;
  3. Income and Expenditure Account: Meaning, Format;
  4. Distinction between Receipts and Payments A/c and Income and Expenditure A/c;
  5. Balance Sheet;
  6. Items peculiar to non-profit organisations which require special treatment
Partnership accounts- basic concepts
  1. Partnership: Meaning and Features;
  2. Features of Limited Liability Partnership;
  3. Partnership deed;Relevant provisions of Indian Partnership Act 1932 inthe absence of partnership deed;
  4. Types of Partners;Fixed/fluctuating capital accounts;
  5. Interest oncapital and Interest on drawings;
  6. Salary andcommission; Division of profits among partners; Profitand loss appropriation account
Treatment of goodwill in partnership accounts
  1. Goodwill: Meaning and nature;
  2. Methods of valuationof Goodwill;
  3. Average profit method; Super profitmethod;
  4. Capitalisation method;
  5. Need for valuation ofgoodwill in partnership
Partnership- admission
  1. Introduction;
  2. Sacrificing ratio and new profit sharing ratio;
  3. Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities;
  4. Adjustment for Goodwill; Accounting treatment ofreserves and accumulated profits;
  5. Revaluationaccount, capital account and Balance Sheetof a new firm
Partnership accounts- retirements
  1. Meaning and reasons for retirement;
  2. Gaining ratioand new profit sharing ratio;
  3. Revaluation of Assetsand Liabilities; Adjustment for Goodwill;
  4. Accountingtreatment of distribution of reserves and accumulatedprofits;
  5. Revaluation account, capital account andBalance Sheet after retirement
Partnership accounts- death of a partner
  1. Meaning; New profit sharing ratio and gaining ratio;
  2. Revaluation of Assets and liabilities; Adjustment for
  3. goodwill; Distribution of accumulated profits and losses;
  4. Amount due to deceased partner’s executor;
  5. Settlement of amount due
Company accounts- I
  1. Company: Definition and characteristics;
  2. Characteristics of a Company; Different types of shares and share capital; Accounting treatment forissue of shares at par, Premium and discount; Oversubscription and under subscription of shares; Forfeitures and reissue of shares
Financial statement analysis- IFinancial Statements: Meaning and Features; Significance & Limitations; Format of company finalaccounts as perCompanies Act, 2013; Tools offinancial statement analysis: Common sizestatement, Comparative statement, Trend Analysis,Funds Flow statement, Cash Flow Statement
Financial statement analysis- IICommon size Financial Statements; Comparative Financial Statements; Trend Analysis
Financial statement analysis- III
  1. Accounting Ratios: Meaning and Definition;
  2. Objectives and importance; Advantages andlimitations;
  3. Classification of Ratios on the basis offinancial statements and functions;
  4. Computation of ratios
Computer application in accounting- I
  1. Application of computerized accounting system;
  2. Automating the accounting system; Designing the accounting reports;
  3. Data exchange with other information system
Computer application in accounting- IIApplication of Computerised account system- “Tally with GST package”; Practical on Application ofaccounting software- Creation of Company, Accountsgroup, etc. and generation of reports

Class 12th Tamil Nadu HSC Business Studies Syllabus 2024

Business studies is a theory-based subject. In this subject, you will learn how the business runs, how partnership firm forms, the insight of an organization, and many more. Students are advised to make notes and do maximum revision. All the topics in the class 12th Tamil Nadu HSC syllabus are mandatory to study. 

OrganizationMeaning and Types of Organization
Sole traderMeaning of sole trader, Special features of a sole trader, Merits of a sole trader, Demerits of a sole trader.
partnershipDefinition of partnership, Special features of partnership, Similarities between sole trader and partnership, Merits and Demerits of Partnership, Types of Partnership, Kinds of Partners, Rights and Duties of partners, Partner’s express and Implied authority, Partnership Deed, Dissolution of partnership, and more.
Companies I and IIDefinitions, Differences between partnership and company, Kinds of companies, public company, private company, Privileges of a private company, Differences between private company and public company, Formation of a company, Memorandum of Association, Articles of Association, Prospectus, Shares, Allotment of shares, DebenturesTypes, Differences between Shares and Debentures.
Stock exchangeIntroduction, Procedures regarding new Issues, Stock Exchange, Investors and speculatorsDifferences, SEBI, Mutual funds, Bombay Online Trading (BOLT).
Co-operativesDefinition, Merits, and Demerits, Types of Cooperatives, Differences between companies and cooperatives.
Government in businessIntroduction, Types, Public Corporation, Government Companies, Differences between the private sector and the public sector.

12th Tamil Nadu History Syllabus

History is a theory subject. In history, students need to learn all the important dates and events related to India and the World. In this subject, students will learn about modern India, about wars that happened in India, and many more. It is very important for students to learn each and every topic in the Tamil Nadu HSC syllabus 2024.

History of Modern IndiaIndia under East India Company’s Rule, Education under the Company’s rule, British rule in Tamilnadu, The Great Revolt of 1857, Changes in Indian administration after 1858, India’s Freedom Movement, Role of Tamilnadu in India’s Freedom Movement, India after independence – Social, Economic, Scientific and Technological Progress.
Modern world historyRenaissance, the American war of independence, French Revolution, Industrial, and Agricultural Revolutions, Spread of Colonialism, Russian Revolution, Rise of Fascism and Nazism, Second World War, Growth of Asian Nations China and Japan after the Second World War, UNO, Cold War.

How to Download Tamil Nadu Class 12th Syllabus 2024?

Here are easy steps to download the Tamil Nadu class 12th syllabus 2024 from the official website of Tamil Nadu. 

  1. Visit the official website ie.,
  2. Select the “12th Books” to download the TN class 12th syllabus 2024.
  3. A new window will appear on the screen. Select the subject and click on the download button.
  4. Students can download and save the syllabus.

Tamil Nadu Class 12th Exam Pattern

Students must be aware of the Tamil Nadu class 12th exam pattern. It is very important for students to know the weightage of the questions with the class 12th Tamil Nadu HSCsyllabus 2024. Students should also know the question pattern. To know the question pattern students must go through the previous year’s question papers. 

Part-I Language3 HoursTamil, Hindi, Kannada, Telugu, Malayalam, Urdu, Sanskrit, Arabic, French, and German.
Part -II English3 HoursEnglish
Part- III any 4 subjects3 HoursAny 4 subjects from general stream papers or vocational stream papers

Tamil Nadu Class 12th Exam 2024- Preparation Tips

Here are some of the important tips for students to prepare for the Tamil Nadu class 12th exam 2024. Students can follow these tips to achieve good marks in their TN HSC class 12th exam 2024. The minimum passing mark for every subject is 33 per cent. If any student fails to achieve the minimum passing marks then they have to re-appear for the exam. 

  1. Make a study plan and follow it strictly. 
  2. Every topic is important, so don’t miss anything.
  3. Make proper notes and revise the complete TN 12th syllabus at least 2 times. 
  4. Do regular practice for the practical subjects.

About VSI Jaipur

VSI Jaipur provides the best 12th commerce classes for Accounts, Maths, BST and Economics subjects. By taking tuition from VSI, you can build solid concepts and get high grades in your 12th board exams. Further, if you aspire to become a CA, you can join our coaching classes and clear the CA exams on the first attempt. VSI Jaipur is the best CA Coaching in India and our students have scored the ever-highest marks in CA IPCC, Intermediate and Final exams. Moreover, our 7 students got AIR 1 in the last 10 years.

Further, we also provide the best CMA and ACCA coaching classes for all levels. So, join VSI Jaipur’s online or offline classes to get the best class 12th result and build a strong foundation for CA/CMA/ACCA.


Q 1. From where students can download the Tamil Nadu class 12th syllabus 2024?

Ans: Students can download the Tamil Nadu class 12th syllabus 2024 from this page only.

Q 2. What are the important topics for the TN HSC class 12th exam?

Ans: Every topic which is mentioned in the Tamil Nadu class 12th syllabus is mandatory for the exam.

Q 3. What are the minimum passing marks for the TN class 12th exam?

Ans: Minimum passing marks for TN class 12th exam is 33 per cent.

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