CBSE Syllabus for Class 12th 2020-21

Looking for class 12  subjects and syllabus? You have landed on the right page, here you will get a complete list of subjects, and CBSE syllabus for class 12th.

Generally, the first preference of class 10th students while choosing their stream is commerce mainly because many of the students feel they have an immense opportunity in this stream and wide career options after 12th. 

But for science and arts streams also there are wide career opportunities. It totally depends on students what subject they prefer after class 10th. Students who opt for commerce stream generally choose CA as a career option. The subjects which you get to study helps you in the preparation of the CA entrance exam also i.e., preparation of CA Foundation. You can be a CA Foundation topper and make your parents dream come true through the systematic guidance and result-oriented approach of VSI.

So in this article, you will find CBSE class 12 commerce subjects, science subjects, and arts subjects syllabus.


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Primarily there are only 3 important subjects in class 11th commerce on which you need to focus a lot.


Subjects of Class 11th Commerce

  1. Accountancy
  2. Economics – (a) Indian Economic Development, (b) Statistics
  3. Business studies

And some common secondary subjects on which you also have to focus on include.

  1. English
  2. Maths/Information Practices/Physical Education etc.

 Commerce Subjects in Class 12 – CBSE

As 12th is a board so you need to give equal attention to every subject hence all the subjects of class 12th become important. You are also provided options in certain subjects. The list of commerce subjects in class 12 is given below.


Class 12th Subjects
Business Studies
Maths/Information Practices/Physical Education etc.


CBSE Syllabus of Accountancy For Class 12th

Units Chapters
Part AAccounting for Partnership Firms and  Companies
Unit 1  Accounting for Partnership Firms
Accounting for Partnership firms
Admission of a partner
Retirement and death of a partner
Dissolution of a partnership firm
Unit 2 Accounting for Companies
Accounting for Share Capital
Accounting for Debentures
Part BFinancial Statement Analysis
Unit 3  Analysis of Financial Statements
Financial statements of a company
Financial Statement Analysis
Accounting Ratios
Liquidity Ratios
Solvency Ratios
Activity Ratios
Profitability Ratios
Unit 4Cash Flow Statement


CBSE Syllabus of Business Studies of Class 12th

UnitsName of the Chapter
Chapter 1Nature and Significance of Management
Chapter 2Principles of Management
Chapter 3Business Environment
Chapter 4Planning
Chapter 5Organizing
Chapter 6Staffing
Chapter 7Directing
Chapter 8Controlling
Chapter 9Financial Management
Chapter 10Financial Market
Chapter 11Marketing
Chapter 12Consumer protection
Chapter 13Entrepreneurship Development


CBSE Syllabus of Economics For Class 12th

Part AIntroductory Microeconomics
Consumer’s Equilibrium and Demand
Producer Behaviour and Supply
Forms of Market and Price Determination
Part BIntroductory Macroeconomics
National Income and Related Aggregates
Money and Banking
Determination of Income and Employment
Government Budget and the Economy
Balance of Payments
Part cProject Work


CBSE Class 12th Syllabus English

English Flamingo Poem
Chapter 1My Mother At Sixty-six
Chapter 2An Elementary School Classroom In a Slum
Chapter 3Keeping Quiet
Chapter 4A Thing Of Beauty
Chapter 5A Roadside Stand
Chapter 6Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers
English Vistas
Chapter 1The Last Lesson
Chapter 2Lost Spring
Chapter 3Deep Water
Chapter 4The Rattrap
Chapter 5Indigo
Chapter 6Poets And Pancakes
Chapter 7The Interview
Chapter 8Going Places

CBSE Class 12th Syllabus for Maths 2020-21  

CBSE class 12th syllabus for maths is the same for both science and commerce. CBSE class 12th syllabus for maths 2020 includes the following units given below:

Unit NameChapter Name
Relation and functionsRelation and functions

Inverse trigonometric functions



calculusContinuity and differentiability

Applications of derivatives


Application of integrals

Differential equations

Vectors and three-dimensional geometryVectors

Three-dimensional geometry

Linear programmingLinear programming

CBSE Class 12th Syllabus for Physics 2020-21

CBSE class 12th syllabus for physics 2020 is divided into two parts- Theory and Practical. 

Unit nameChapter name
electrostaticsElectric charges and field

Electrostatic potential and capacitance

Current electricity

Magnetic effects of current and magnetism

Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents

Moving charges and magnetism and matter

Electromagnetic induction

Alternating current

Electromagnetic waves


Ray optics and optical instruments weave optics
Dual nature of radiation and matter

Atoms and nuclei

Electronic devicesSemiconductor devices: materials, devices, and simple circuits


CBSE Class 12th Syllabus for Chemistry 2020-21

Chemistry is divided into 3 parts- Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, and Inorganic Chemistry.

Unit nameMarks



Chemical kinetics

Surface chemistry

The p-block

The d-and f-block elements

Coordination compounds

Haloalkanes and haloarenes

Alcohols, phenols, and ethers

Aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acid

Amines, biomolecules



CBSE Class 12th Syllabus for Biology 2020-21

Biology is a theory subject and it requires revision on a regular basis. Biology can be learned by making notes and students should also practice diagrams in biology.

Topics marks
Sexual reproduction in flowering plants

Human reproduction

Reproductive health

Principles of inheritance and variation

Molecular basis of inheritance

Human health and disease 

Microbes in human welfare

Biotechnology: principles and processes

Biotechnology and its application

Organisms and population

Biodiversity and conservation

Total 70


CBSE Class 12th Syllabus for Biotechnology 2020-21

CBSE class 12th syllabus for Biotechnology includes two units that are given below: 

Units chapters
Protein and gene manipulationRecombinant DNA technology

Protein structure and engineering

Genomics, proteomics, bioinformatics

Cell culture and genetic manipulationMicrobial cell culture and its applications

Plant cell culture and applications

Animal cell culture and applications


CBSE Class 12th Syllabus for Physical Education 2020-21

Physical education is divided into 2 parts- Practical Exam and Theory Exam. The practical exam consists of 30 marks and the theory exam consists of 70 marks. 

Unit 1Planning in sports
Unit 2Sports and nutrition
Unit 3Yoga and lifestyle
Unit 4Physical education and sports for CWSN
Unit 5Children and women in sports
Unit 6Tests and measurement in sports
Unit 7Physiology and injuries in sports
Unit 8Biomechanics and sports
Unit 9Psychology and sports
Unit 10Training in sports


CBSE Class 12th Syllabus for Engineering Graphics 2020-21

Engineering Graphics consists of two units- Isometric projections of solids and machine drawing. Students need to study both the units for their exams.

Units Marks
Isometric projections of Solids25 marks
Machine drawing

  1. Drawing f machine parts
  2. Assembly drawing and dis-assembly drawings
  1. Bearings
  2. Rod’s joints
  3. Tie rod and pipe joints
45 marks
total70 marks
practical30 marks


CBSE Class 12th Syllabus for Entrepreneurship 2020-21

Entrepreneurship is a theory-based subject. Students should make notes and do revision whenever possible.

Units Marks
Entrepreneurial opportunities

Business planning

30 marks
Enterprise marketing

Enterprise growth strategies

20 marks
Business arithmetic

Resource mobilization

20 marks
total70 marks
Practical 30 marks


CBSE Class 12th Syllabus for Political Science 2020-21

Political science consists of two parts- 

  1. Contemporary world politics
  2. Politics in India since Independence

Part A: Contemporary world politics

Cold war era and the non-aligned movement6 marks
The end of bipolarity8 marks
New centers of power80 marks
South Asia and the contemporary world6 marks
United Nations and their organizations6 marks
globalization6 marks
total40 marks


Part B: Politics in India since Independence

Units Marks
Challenges and nation-building8 marks
Planned development4 marks
India’s foreign policy4 marks
Parties and parties systems in India8 marks
Democratic resurgence8 marks
total40 marks


CBSE Class 12th Syllabus for Legal Studies 2020-21

Legal studies include the following chapters:

Topics in law20
Arbitration, tribunal adjudication, and alternate dispute resolution10
Human rights in India10
The legal profession in India 10
International context 20 
Projects based on the syllabus20
Total 100


CBSE Class 12th Syllabus for History 2020-21

Themes in Indian history part 125
Themes in Indian history part 225
Themes in Indian history part 325
Map work5
Project work20


CBSE Class 12th Syllabus for Geography 2020-21

Geography consists of three parts- fundamental of human geography, people and economy, and practical work.

Part A: Fundamentals of human geography

  1. Human geography
  2. People
  3. Human activities
  4. Map work
Part B: People and economy

  1. People
  2. Human settlements
  3. Resource and development
  4. A geographical perspective on selected issues and problems
  5. Map work
Part C: Practical


CBSE Class 12th Syllabus for Computer Science 2020-21

Unit nameMarks
Programing and computational thinking40
Computer networks10
Data management-220


CBSE Class 12th Syllabus for Sociology 2020-21

Sociology consists of two parts- Indian Society and Change & Development in Indian Society.

Part A: Indian Society

Introducing Indian Society
The demographic structure of Indian Society
Social institutions- continuity and change
Patterns of social inequality and exclusion
Challenges of cultural diversity 
Suggestion for project work

Part B: Change and Development in Indian Society

Structural change
Cultural change
Change and development in rural society
Change and development in industrial society
Social movements


CBSE Class 12th Syllabus for Psychology 2020-21

Chapters Marks
Variation in psychological attributes12
Self and personality10
Psychological disorders13
Therapeutic approaches7
Attitudes and social cognition8
Social influence and group processes7


CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2020-21- Important Details

  • Candidates who will attempt CBSE Class 12th exam 2020-21, has to go through each and every topic of the syllabus.
  • By reviewing last year’s question papers, students can get to know what are the important topics for CBSE class 12th exam 2020-21.
  • Question paper pattern consists of three categories- very short answers type questions, short answers type questions and long answers type questions.


  • What are the minimum passing marks for CBSE class 12th exam?

Ans. Students must gain at least 33% to pass in all subjects for CBSE class 12th exam 2020-21.


  • Does CBSE class 12th syllabus vary state wise?

Ans. No, CBSE class 12th syllabus remains the same for all states.

Are you appearing for the CBSE class 12 board exams? Don’t miss the Best preparation guide for the class 12th board exams. Also, you can check the CBSE class 12 exam results.